Signed: Cordially, Mary Pickford.
America’s Sweetheart, Pickford wore this ‘do at one point. (We’ll look at other of her styles later on, never fret.) Must’ve been after heated curling irons were circulating, for that was the technology required for this style. Francois Marcel invented this ‘do, and I prefer its earlier name, “Undulation Marcel.”
The style requires a waved curl, not a curly curl. Marcel developed his own irons for this look. If one of my dear readers were to come across an original patented Marcel iron from the early 1900s, she should grab it up immediately, for they are rare.
But there’s more. Marcel developed a permanent waving machine–– Yes, that’s right: the real, first perms were becoming chic in the early 1900s among those who could afford it. It wasn’t until the 1980s that everyone could afford it and all the young girls wanted one (a particular low point in women’s history). Also, it was turned into a chemical process rather than simply using a hair iron, which of course wasn’t as permanent as the more permanent perms of the 1980s. Nevermind this. History repeats, but always with a twist.
Marcel’s break in the States didn’t come until he’d waved actress Jane Hading‘s locks. He eventually acquired great wealth due to his several hair iron developments and patents, and he retired to a 500-acre estate. Well, I do declare. He was a man of hair.
Tutorial published in 1923